Zambia is a Southern African country. It borders the Democratic Republic of Congo to the north, Tanzania to the northeast, Malawi and Mozambique to the east, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south and Angola to the west. It covers an area of 752 618 km2. The main cities are Lusaka, the capital, with 2,179,000 residents (2015), Ndola, Kitwe and Kabwe. The country consists, for the most part, of a plateau, located between 900 and 1500 meters of altitude. The country’s southern border is bounded by the Zambezi River and the southwest border by the Calaári desert. Zambia is drained by the Congo and Zambezi rivers, which, on the border with Zimbabwe, near Livingstone, have a huge unevenness in the bed, forming the Victoria Falls (in Zimbabwe), the highest in the world.
It has a tropical climate of altitude. In the South, the climate is drier.
The Zambian economy depends fundamentally on mining. Copper is the only product that has offered some development to Zambia and constitutes 95% of exports. The mines were nationalized after independence, so the fluctuation in world copper prices directly affects the economy of this African country. Agriculture, with traditional roots, can only export some tobacco. Zambia’s main trading partners are South Africa, Japan, Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom.
Zambia had, in 2015, 15 972 000 residents, 42% of whom lived in cities. The birth and death rates are, respectively, 41.5% and 12.2% (2017). Average life expectancy is 52.7 years. The main ethnic groups are the Bemba (21%), the Tonga (13.6%) and the Chewa (7.4%). Christianity is the majority, with Protestants 75.3%, Catholics 20.2%. Most Zambians speak Bantu, and there are still eighty dialects, but the official language is English.
The exodus to the cities occurred mainly after independence. The colonization process began in 1890 under the aegis of the English Company of South Africa. The evolution of political structures is partly due to the creation of the miners’ union that progressively counterbalanced the influence of Europeans. On October 24, 1964 the former British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia became the sovereign state of Zambia. For Zambia democracy and rights, please check getzipcodes.
The government that resulted from the 1991 elections has taken steps to promote free enterprise to prevent agricultural and industrial decline. In the 2001 elections, President Levy Mwanawasa was elected, who, in an anti-corruption campaign carried out in 2002, brought former President Frederick Chiluba and many of his supporters into prison.
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1UpTravel.com – Maps of Zambia
Browse a collection of country, shaded relief and political maps of this Southern African country, east of Angola. Zambia was formerly known as Northern Rhodesia.
Graphic Maps – Zambia
Find the capital, cities, lakes, and rivers in this African country. Offers population statistics and an overview of the economy.
National Geographic Map Machine – Zambia
Find out where the cities, rivers and national park are in this east Africa republic. Includes some history and the population statistics.
Zambia – Merriam-Webster
Detailed color map of this African country also includes country facts, illustration of the nation’s flag, and a historical summary.