According to ebizdir, Wyoming is a state in the United States bordering Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Utah. Wyoming’s capital and largest city is Cheyenne.
1807 – John Colter, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is probably the first white American to reach the area. He is best remembered for his expeditions of 1807-08, when he became the first known European to visit Yellowstone National Park and another national park, Grand Teton National Park.
1890 – Wyoming is admitted as the 44th state of the United States on July 10.
1906 – The 386-meter-high monolith at the Bear Lodge Mountains, in the Black Hills, better known as the ” Devils Tower ” became the first declared national monument in the United States, founded on September 24. The monument covers an area of 5.45 square kilometers. In recent years, about 1 percent of the monument’s 400,000 visitors have climbed the Devils Tower by climbing its steep sides. Film director Steven Spielberg used the locality in his 1977 film: Close Contact of the Third Degree.
The Guam area is an island in the western Pacific Ocean and is a special U.S. territory where only parts of the United States Constitution apply. The capital is Hagåtña, formerly Agana.
Guam is the largest island in Micronesia, and was the only island the United States had in the area before World War II.
One-third of Guam’s area is occupied by US military bases. Anderson Air Force Base occupies the northern part of the island; from here, bombing raids departed during the Vietnam War. Apra Harbor is a naval base with i.a. shipyard and support base for the United States’ strategic submarine nuclear strike force. Agriculture and industry are of limited importance, while tourism is rising sharply; it is predominantly Japanese who, among other things, visit the war memorials from World War II.
Guam was first discovered by some sea travelers who emigrated from southeastern Indonesia about 4000 years ago.
1521 – Ferdinand Magellan passes by the island on March 6 on his world voyage. He and his crew were welcomed by the Chamorro, the island’s indigenous people. They may never have met Europeans before, but they traded with the people of other islands and assumed that these Europeans were doing the same.
1565 – Guam is not officially declared Spanish territory until Phillip II orders Miguel Lopez de Legazpi to take everything they discover.
1668 – The first Spanish colony is established on June 15, and controls Guam until 1898, when it is handed over to the United States during the Spanish-American War.
1941 – Guam is captured by the Japanese on December 8, hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. The area was occupied for two and a half years. During the occupation, residents were subjected to forced labor, torture, beheading, and rape, and forced to become part of Japanese culture. Guam was liberated by US troops on July 21, 1944 – read here and here.
1944 – Andersen Air Force Base is established on December 3 and is named after Brigadier General James Roy Andersen (1904–1945), who died on February 26, 1945 in a B-24 Liberator crash between Kwajalein and Johnson Island on his way to Hawaii.
1950 – The island gained limited autonomy, and the population has since pushed for it to expand. However, this is complicated by the economic dependence on the United States.
Puerto Rico is an autonomous territory with special ties to the United States located in the northeastern Caribbean. Puerto Rico is located east of the Dominican Republic. The capital is San Juan.
1000 BCE – The first residents of Puerto Rico were the Arawak people, who were a large part of the Caribbean. They lived in small towns led by a chief. Despite their limited knowledge of agriculture, they grew pineapple, cassava and sweet potato, and added seafood. They called the island Boriken. Read here. Watch video here.
1493 – On his second voyage to the East Indies, Christopher Columbus arrives on the island and declares it Spanish and renames it San Juan Bautista (John the Baptist).
1509 – The first repartimiento in Puerto Rico is established, allowing the colonists to use the natives as free labor slaves. The protest of several priests over this law forces the colony to pay the slaves and teach them Christianity; the colonists, however, continue to treat the natives as slaves.
1511 – European diseases and ill-treatment begin to erode the Taino population. The natives revolt, but it is defeated by the better-equipped Spanish colonists. The island’s first governor, Ponce de León, orders 6,000 native shots; the survivors flee up into the mountains or leave the island.
1513 – African slaves are brought to the island to work in the gold mines. In 1570 the mines are depleted.
1800 – The slave population now exceeds 13,300, although the island’s population is declining due to incoming European colonists.