Utah History

Utah History

Utah is a state in the western United States whose capital is Salt Lake City. Utah borders the states of Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico and Wyoming.

According to ebizdir, the name Utah comes from the Native American language and means the people from the mountains. Native Americans have lived in the state for thousands of years. Most archaeological finds date the oldest settlements to be 10 – 12,000 years old.

With the founding of Bryce Canyon National Park and Zion National Park in the early 1900s, Utah became known for its natural beauty, and the southern part of the state became a popular place to shoot movies, among other things. at Delicate Arch and Monument Valley.

TIMELINE:

700 – Anasazi Indians build pueblos in the area.

1550 – Francisco Vásquez de Coronado may have moved into southern Utah in search of the mythical city of Cíbola.

1600 – The Shoshone Indians control the area.

1776 – Silvestre Velez de Escalante and Francesco Atanasio Dominguez explore Utah on their way to California.

1821 – Mexico becomes independent from Spain, claiming all of Utah ; Jim Bridger discovers Great Salt Lake. The Salt Lake is the 4th largest in the United States, and the water is so salty that you can float on the water.

1826 – Jedediah Smith leads the first expedition to California. Along the way, they arrive at the Green River in Utah.

1841 – Captain John Bartleson and John Bidwell lead a group of caravans as the first emigrants to cross Utah on their way to California.

1843 – John C. Fremont and Kit Carson explore the Great Basin. The five-month voyage, which was made with 25 men, was a success and Frémont’s report was published by Congress. The Frémont report set times in a wave of caravans filled with hopeful emigrants heading west.

1844 – The town of Ogden is established. The city, originally called Fort Buenaventura, was the first place in present-day Utah where settlers settled permanently. The fort was established in 1846 by fur hunter Miles Goodyear about 1½ km from downtown in the present town. It was later renamed Ogden after Peter S. Ogden, a fur hunter who had hunted in the area about 100 years earlier. It was for a long time a major railway hub in passenger traffic in the western United States. Today, passenger trains no longer run through Ogden, as the routes have been rerouted and passengers are now carried via Salt Lake City.

1846-48 – The Mexican-American War is an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico. Following the U.S. declaration of war against Mexico, U.S. forces occupied several cities in California, including (temporarily) Los Angeles. The Battle of Monterrey took place in September 1846. On February 22, 1847, the Battle of Buena Vista took place, with General Taylor defeating the Mexicans under Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, securing the United States’ conquest of California and New Mexico.. The battles of Veracruz, Cerro Gordo and then the Battle of Chapultepec (on the outskirts of Mexico City ) followed as the U.S. Army, led by General Winfield Scott, invaded the heart of Mexico. His invasion began on March 9, 1847.

1847 – The first major influx of settlers occurs in 1847, when the first Mormons, led by Brigham Young, arrive. Mormons actively encouraged their new members around the world to emigrate to Utah. The town of Salt Lake City was established on July 24, 1847. In the period from 1850 to 1926, 26,389 members of the Mormon Church traveled from Denmark to the United States. It is estimated that from 1847 to 1868 about 68,000 Mormons arrived from different parts of the world.

1848 – The area becomes a territory under the United States. Disagreements between the Mormons and the U.S. government were intensified due to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints’ practice of polygamy, and the government sent troops to the area to install a governor other than Brigham Young.

1850 – The first white settlers to settle were Mormons, in the area named Bryce Canyon in 1875, after Ebenezer Bryce.

1854 – A plague of locusts damages the state crops.

1863 – Silver and lead are rediscovered in Bingham Canyon. Today, the Bingham Canyon mine is the world’s largest man-made excavation (4 kilometers wide) and thus, of course, also the world’s largest open pit mine.

1873-1890 – Polygamy was banned in the state. Mormons practiced polygamy from 1847-57 ( Utah War ) in protest of the rest of America’s view of it. The government threatened war and polygamy was formally exterminated and banned in all 50 states in 1890.

1879 – Telephone service is demonstrated on March 1 in Salt Lake City.

1896 – Utah is admitted as the 45th state in the United States.

1914 – Car racing began in August at the Bonneville Salt Flats, where several speed records were set. Read more here. Several famous TV series and movies were also partially filmed here: Knight Rider (1982 TV), Warlock, Independence Day, Top Gear (TV) and Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End.

1919 – Zion National Park is inaugurated. The area was classified as a Mukuntweap National Monument in 1909, before being given its current name.

1923 – Bryce Canyon is turned into a national park.

1942-45 – Japanese-Americans are relocated to an internment camp near Delta. Read more here and here.

1989 FILM: Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade was partially filmed in Arches National Park, which was used in scenes first in the film, which premiered on May 24th.

1994 FILM: The movie Dumb and Dumber premiered on December 16th. It was partially recorded in Park City, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake International Airport, Orem, Provo, Sandy, Bear Mountain Chalet (Heber City).

1997 – FILM: The movie Con Air, which premiered in the United States on June 2, was partially shot at Ogden Airport – 3909 Airport Road, Bonneville Salt Flats, Determination Towers, Mill Canyon, Salt Lake City and Wendover.

1999 – A tornado hits Salt Lake City, killing one person and injuring more than 80 others. About $ 170 million in damages.

2007 – An armed camouflage gunman opens fire in a Salt Lake City shopping mall on Dec. 5, killing eight customers and wounding five others before killing himself with his rifle. Read more here.

The Crandall Canyon mine made headlines in August 2007, when the mine collapsed and barred miners inside. Three days later, three rescuers were killed when a mine shaft collapsed. The 6 miners were later declared dead and their bodies were never retrieved.

Utah History