US 380 in New Mexico
US 380 is a US Highway in the US state of New Mexico. The road forms an east-west route through the center of the state, from Interstate 25 at Socorro through Roswell to the Texas border . The road is partially double -numbered with US 70. The road is 390 kilometers long.
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US 380 through the Oscura Mountains between San Antonio and Carrizozo.
Just south of the regional town of Socorro, US 380 begins at a junction with Interstate 25, the north-south highway from Las Cruces and El Paso to Albuquerque. The road heads east in one lane in each direction, then crosses the Rio Grande, then begins a route of about 100 miles to Carrizozo, passing north of the White Sands, where the first atomic bomb of the United States has been tested. This part runs over a plateau, a steppe area. At Carrizozo you cross the US 54, the main road from Alamogordo to Santa Rosa. One passes here through the Valley of the Fires, a large lava area. US 380 then runs through the Capitan Mountains, which reach about 3000 meters. At Hondo, the US adds 70out of Alamogordo, and starts a double numbering about 70 kilometers to Roswell.
This part has 2×2 lanes and is almost a highway due to the lack of intersections. Roswell is reached from the west, where US 70 turns off the western bypass towards Clovis and crosses US 285, the north-south route from Carlsbad to Santa Fe. Just to the east one crosses the river Pecos, after which a stretch of 140 kilometers starts over the sparsely populated steppes to the east. This area is quite flat and dry. Larger places are no longer on the route, only a few villages. Past Tatum the border with Texas follows, after which US 380 in Texas continues to Denton near Dallas.
The route had been numbered US 566 since 1926, which ran from Socorro to Ruidoso. East of Roswell, the road was numbered State Route 13 and partly US 62. US 380 was added to the network in 1932, replaced US 566 and has always started at its current starting point in San Antonio near Socorro. US 380 is not a very important road in New Mexico.
The road was still completely unpaved in the early 1930s. In the mid-1930s the first parts were paved, especially the part that coincides with US 70 west of Roswell and a part around Capitan. In the second half of the 1930s, the section from Roswell to Tatum was asphalted, and the part around Carrizozo was also asphalted, so that small missing parts were not paved. By 1940, almost the entire route was paved, except for a remote section between San Antonio and Carrizozo. This part was asphalted in the late 1940s.
The double numbering with US 70 between Ruidoso and Roswell was later broadened to a 2×2 divided highway. Around 2004-2005 this section was widened to 2×2 lanes.
From I-25, intensities drop from 2600 to 1400 vehicles, which remains low until US 70 merges, at which point the intensities rise to 5000 vehicles per day for Roswell. East of Roswell the intensities drop from 2000 to 1400 vehicles per day.
US 412 in New Mexico
US 412 is a US Highway in the US state of New Mexico. The road forms an east-west route in the northeast of the state, between Springer on Interstate 25 and Clayton on the Oklahoma border. The entire New Mexico route is double -numbered with other roads, US 56 and US 64. The road is 153 kilometers long.
US 412 begins in the village of Springer at the junction with Interstate 25, the highway from Albuquerque to Denver. US 56 also starts here. Both roads then run east, crossing the Canadian River, a tributary of the Mississippi. The road here runs over a plateau at an altitude of about 1800 meters, and the landscape is barren and desolate. One only passes through a few villages on the 130 kilometers to Clayton. In the distance you can sometimes see some mesas, elevations in the landscape. One then reaches Clayton, a large village. Here you cross the US 87, which runs from Raton to Amarillo, and the US 64 also joins here, so that after Clayton adouble numbering of US 56, US 64 and US 412 results. Officially one even passes through Texas, the extreme northwest of that state runs to the middle of the road. A little further on the border with Oklahoma follows, after which the US 56 in Oklahoma continues to Boise City.
Originally, this road was numbered State Route 58. Around 1938 the western half between Springer and Gladstone was asphalted, the asphalting of the eastern part was delayed by the Second World War and was paved in the late 1940s. US 412 was added to the network in 1982. The western starting point was initially in Arkansas but was extended to Springer, New Mexico in 1994. The reason why is not clear, as US 412 is double-numbered entirely with other US Highways in New Mexico.
The road is very quiet, between I-25 and Clayton there are only about 600 to 900 vehicles per day, 1700 in Clayton, and again 600 after Clayton.