The Kingdom of Sweden is located in Northern Europe, Scandinavia. The national territory closes, next to the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, the islands of Gotland and Öland. The country is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Finland, Norwayand the Kattegat. The Swedish national territory includes an enormous number of islands, around 221,800. Gotland, Öland and Orust are the largest islands in Sweden. The capital of the kingdom is Stockholm. Visit campingship for Brief Information About Sweden.
Large parts of Sweden are flat, at most hilly. To the border to Norway, however, the Skanden rise to the highest point in Sweden, the 2,111 m high Kebnekaise. Most of the many thousands of lakes can be found in southern central Sweden. About half of the country is forested. There are 28 national parks in the country, making Sweden the ideal holiday destination for nature lovers. There are also very good opportunities for water sports at the numerous lakes. The charming, historic cities are also among the attractions of Sweden.
Sweden is a country with unique flora and fauna. The north is characterized by extensive boreal coniferous forests. Further south these then turn into mixed forests. The entire south, however, has only a small amount of forest areas, as these have been cleared in favor of arable farming. Some of the felled trees were replaced by conifers.
The islands of Gotland and Öland are also known for their diverse floral world that extends across the entire island landscape. Above all, the numerous types of orchids are a wonderful sight as soon as they have bloomed.
There are numerous wild boars in Sweden, especially in the south of the country. This was not always the case, as the hunting weddings in the 18th century made this species almost extinct in Sweden. However, no additional animals were introduced into the existing herds. The wild boars that lived in game enclosures in Sweden in the 1940s broke out from there and then reproduced rapidly in the wild.
Most of Sweden has a cool, temperate climate, but the southern quarter of the country is warmer. The mountains of Norway shield Sweden, so the annual precipitation is moderate.
Summers in Sweden are generally right sunny, Precipitation only falls occasionally. However, August can be humid. The average maximum temperature in July is 20 ° C in the south and around 17 ° C in the north. Long hot spells in summer are not uncommon; temperatures can rise to over 30 ° C during these times.
The harsh Lappish winter begins in October and ends in April, temperatures can drop to -50 ° C here. In the north you can ski very well in winter (several meters of snow), in the south there is also snow, but less high. In the outer southern part of the country (Skåne) it also rains in winter.
The west coast is warmer than the east coast due to the moderating influence of the Gulf Stream.
Sweden – traveling in the country
Airplane: Stockholm Arlanda is the destination of many domestic flights. However, there are also around 30 regional airports, including in Hemavan, Arvidsjaur, Borlänge, Oskarshamn, Vilhelmina, Västerås, Gällivare, Hultsfred, Skellefteå, Jönköping, Örnsköldsvik, Oskersund and Visby. Domestic flight operators include FlyMe (SH), Malmö (Aviation (TF), Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) and Skyways.
Ship: There is a well-developed network of ships and ferries along the Swedish coast ports of the country are Gothenburg, Stockholm, Helsingborg, Karlskrona, Malmö, Trelleborg and Karlshamn. The area around Stockholm can be explored by ferry and with the Båtluffarkortet boat pass. Ferries from Nynäshamn and Oskarshamn run regularly to Gotland and the picturesque fishing villages along the west coast can usually also be reached by boat can be achieved.
Rail: Sweden has a reliable, extensive and fast rail system. Trains often get to their destination faster than buses, but cannot take travelers to all parts of the country.
Traveling with the very fast X2000 trains is much more expensive than with other trains. However, there are some discounts, for example for bookings a week in advance (förköpsbiljet) or for last-minute bookings. There are also special rates for retirees, young people and students. X2000 tickets include a seat reservation.
Car: Sweden has good roads and excellent motorways.
If you want to rent a vehicle in Sweden, you must be at least 25 years old and have a driver’s license and a credit card. Fly & Drive packages can often save you money. International companies like Avis, Hertz or Europcar are more expensive than local Swedish rental companies. However, they offer a convenient service and have offices in almost all major cities. The best rental car prices are usually at larger petrol stations such as Statoil or OK-Q8. Signs with the imprints Biluthyrning or hyrbilar indicate rental options. Another national car rental company with comparatively low prices is Mabi Hyrbilar.
Bus: Sweden is excellent for traveling by bus. The regional bus network (Länstrafik) and the national long-distance bus system are well developed and the tariffs are inexpensive.
Swebus Express has the largest network of express buses, but it only extends over the southern half of the country and very far north – at Mora in Darlana. Svenska Buss and Säfflebussen also connect the cities of southern Sweden with Stockholm. The prices are a little cheaper and the connections are less frequent. To the north of Gävle, the regular bus connections to Stockholm are provided by the company Ybuss. Its bus network also includes Sundsvall, Östersund and Umea.
With Swebus Express no reservation is necessary. Ticket prices vary depending on the day of the week. There are often discounts for senior citizens and students.
The regional Swedish bus network (Länstrafik) is closely interwoven with the regional train. The same tickets and often the same tariffs apply to both. In some remote areas, taxis are also part of local public transport and, if booked in advance, transport passengers at reduced rates.
Local transport: in Sweden the regional and local transport systems are linked. Regional passes are valid both in the city and on rural routes.
Swedish and Danish trains and buses around the Öresund region form an integrated transport system. Tickets are therefore available and valid in both Denmark and Sweden.
Stockholm has an extensive metro system, Gothenburg and Norrköpig have trams. There is also an inner-city ferry network in Gothenburg.
Taxi: if you want to take a taxi in Sweden, it is best to agree on a fixed fare before you start your journey.
Bicycles are a great way to travel around Sweden and are a popular means of transport in the country. Most cities have separate lanes and traffic lights for cyclists.
Stockholm in Sweden
A visit to Stockholm will certainly not be boring, as the city has many interesting ones Attractions has to offer.
Parks are in abundance in the city. In total, there are more than thirty-eight hectares of parkland in Stockholm.
An absolute must is Drottningholms Castle. The royal family has lived in the castle since 1981. Drottningholms is surrounded by beautiful parks, which in theromantic style had been created. You should definitely visit the castle, if only because of the castle theater, whose furnishings are still original from the eighteenth century.
In the associated park at Drottningholms there is another palace, the Kina pleasure palace, for which the Chinese architectural style was chosen in the eighteenth century.
The Kungsträdgarden has an open-air stage, as well as an ice rink and several restaurants.
Vitabergsparken, one of the oldest parks in Stockholm, is worth seeing as it dates back to the early days. There is an amphitheater in the park.
Other parks in Stockholm are the Tegnerlunden, Lil-Janskogen, Langholmen etc.
There are also some special places to visit in Stockholm, such as the Sergels Torg. It is one of the central squares in the city. It got its name from the sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel, whose studio was not far away. In the middle of the square on the roundabout is a glass column thirty-seven meters high. It is called a crystal vertical accent by the locals. It was built in 1974 according to Edvin Öhrström’s plans. Around the Sergels Torg there are other sights of Stockholm.
Many cafés, restaurants, cinemas and cultural forums can be found on Merdborgarplatsen. In addition, the Södra Teatern spot is close by.
The Stortorget was the scene of the Stockholm bloodbath in 1520, in which eighty aristocrats lost their lives. The Stortorget is the heart of the old town and the location of the annual Christmas market.
Stockholm City Hall is the city’s landmark. The locals consider it the most beautiful building in the country.
The building is the site of the country’s major annual events. The annual Nobel Prize ceremony takes place here, as does the city parliament, etc.
The town hall was built between 1911 and 1923 according to the plans of the Swedish architect Ragnar Östberg. The romantic style was used for the construction.
From a structural point of view, the building is truly impressive, so my tip: You have to see it.
The Tessinska Palatset is also worth a visit. It is the work of the architect Nicodemus Tessin and dates from 1697. The royal palace now houses the district administration.
The Börshuset dates from the eighteenth century. The beautiful building is the headquarters of the Stock Exchange and the Swedish Academy. The Nobel Museum is located on the ground floor.
Stockholm has a long list of all kinds of museums to visit, such as the National Museum, Moderna museet, Svensk Form, Vasamuseet, etc.
Even some opera houses and theaters can be found in Stockholm. There is the Art League Operan, which was inaugurated by Gustav III in 1777. Little did he know that fifteen years later he would die in the opera.
The Berwaldhalle and the Kulturhuset are also definitely worth a visit. Here you will be able to spend one hundred percent entertaining evenings. The Kulturhuset is particularly ideal for families with children, as there is a comic library here as well as a children’s playroom.
The Storkyrkan Cathedral is an absolute must. It dates from 1306, but is no longer preserved in its original state, as it was structurally changed in the eighteenth century. Inside there are other sights to visit, such as the late Gothic sculpture of St. George and the Dragon, the sun
table, a silver altar, etc. Other sacred buildings in Stockholm would be the Katarinakirche, the Sofienkirche, the Riddarholmskyrkan, St. Gertrud, etc.
The Küngliga slottet is absolutely impressive. It was built in 1200 by Birger Jarl. In 1697 the royal castle was destroyed by fire. Today’s castle was built directly on the ruins of the previous building. The architects are said to have been Nicodemus Tessin and Carl Härleman. The construction of the new castle also took fifty years.
The Küngliga slottet is not the only palace Stockholm has to offer, there is also the Stenbockska palatet and the Wrangels palatet.