The population of Sri Lanka is 20 222 240 residents (2006), which corresponds to a population density of 305.82 residents/km 2 . The birth and death rates are, respectively, 15.51% o and 6.52% o. Average life expectancy is 73.41 years. The value of the Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.730 and the value of the Gender-adjusted Development Index (IDG) is 0.726 (2001). It is estimated that, in 2025, the population will be 22,594,000 residents.
Sri Lanka’s civilization dates back to the 6th century BC. C. The oldest peoples on the island are Tamils and Sinhalese. The descendants of these two peoples still fight each other today. Sri Lankans make up 83% of the country’s residents, Tamils represent 9% and Sri Lankan Moors 8%. The main religions are Buddhism (69%), Hinduism (16%), Islam (8%) and Christianity (8%). Tamil (or Tamil) and Sinhalese are the national languages - although Sinhalese is the official language and English is also a widely spoken language.
Art and culture
Buddhists say that Buddha left his footprint on top of the peak of Adam, a mountain located in the highlands of the Center-South that rises to 2243 meters in altitude; Hindus claim that the footprint was left by the god Xiva and Muslims attribute it to Adam, for this reason, the place is a meeting place for pilgrims of all these religions. There are temples and Buddhist statues and monks in saffron robes all over the island.
In the 11th century, Tamils, Hindus from South India, drove Buddhist Sinhaleses south, forcing them to erect a new kingdom in the mountainous interior regions and around the city of Kandy. Arab merchants arrived in Sri Lanka in search of spices. Portuguese colonizers arrived on the island in 1505. In 1796 the British took over the island, with the exception of the Sinhalese kingdom. The British developed coffee plantations in the mountains, but by 1870, harvests were wiped out by disease and coffee was replaced by Ceylon tea, which currently accounts for a large share of exports. For Sri Lanka democracy and rights, please check homeagerly.
The conflicts ensued after the country became independent from Great Britain in 1948. So far the Tamils, although constituting a minority, have occupied a large part of the administrative posts, but since 1972 the Sinhalese majority has been occupying these same posts. posts. Both peoples have a high literacy rate, the highest of all Asian countries, with the exception of Japan. The movement against discrimination against the Tamil people started with a non-violent campaign, but degenerated into a fierce guerrilla struggle. The governments of the Indian Union, meanwhile, reached a pacification agreement with the Tamil zone in 1986. This agreement would fail, with terrorist acts and constant bomb attacks.
A natural catastrophe shook the country on December 26, 2004. On that day, there was the biggest earthquake in recent times (8.9 degrees on the Richter scale) with an epicenter off the Indonesian island of Samatra. This earthquake caused tsunamis that hit the coast of several Southeast Asian countries, including Sri Lanka (the most affected), followed by Indonesia, India, Thailand, Malaysia, Maldives and Bangladesh, causing thousands of deaths and displaced people.
- Countryaah.com: Offers a full list of airports in the country of Sri Lanka, sorted by city location and acronyms.
- Abbreviationfinder.org: Provides most commonly used abbreviations and initials containing the country name of Sri Lanka. Listed by popularity.
1UpTravel.com – Maps of Sri Lanka
View the city, country, thematic, and historical maps of this Asian country formerly known as Ceylon. View maps of Colombo, Jaffna Peninsula and Trincomalee Harbour area.
Geographic.org – Sri Lanka Geography
Presents an overview of this southern Asian island nation, with information on geography, land use, irrigation and farming.
Sri Lanka – Access Asia Map
Provides a clickable map with general and tourist information about major cities.
Sri Lanka – Merriam-Webster Atlas
Detailed color map of this Asian country also includes country facts, illustration of the nation’s flag, and a historical summary.
Sri Lanka – National Geographic
Check out a satellite created map of this Asian country with zooming ability. Plus, find cities, land features, and bordering countries.
Sri Lanka – Peter Loud’s South India and Sri Lanka Map
Colorful and clearly marked digital map, with a kilometer scale, outlines the major cities and waterways in Sri Lanka and southern India.
Sri Lanka – University of Texas Library
Follow links to view detailed political, historical, thematic and city maps of Sri Lanka from the Perry-Castaneda Library collection.