The canton of Solothurn is located in the northwest of the Swiss Confederation. The official language here is German. The capital is called just like the canton of Solothurn.
The history of the canton of Solothurn
Solothurn is an originally Celtic canton. Here led to Roman times large military roads through which the present-day area of the canton brought economic gains. A Roman Temple of Apollon Augustus is said to be hereRomans have stood. In any case, a Pattusius stone inscription indicates it. In addition, there is said to be a yew tree that germinated in Roman times.
The Kingdom of Burgundy took control of the area in 888, which passed to the Holy Roman Empire in 1032.
In the Middle Ages, Solothurn was ruled by the Canons of St. Ursus with sovereignty. After the Zähringers died out in 1218, Solothurn was granted imperial immediacy. This allowed the canton to appoint and elect its own mayor.
Bern and Solothurn formed an Eternal Alliance in 1295.
The Guglers came to the Solothurn region in 1375 and raged there. They devastated surrounding villages and towns.
The Solothurn murder night on November 10th, 1382 went down in history. That night, the heavily indebted Count Rudolf von Neu-Kyburg tried to acquire pledges from the city. However, this was foiled.
On December 22nd, 1481 Solothurn was accepted as a member of the Confederation. They were the eleventh canton to be included.
Sights in Solothurn
Many tourist treasures can be found in the canton of Solothurn. Sights that can hardly be found in any other canton with such richness and diversity. Solothurn is located on the Aare. Here boat and boat trips are offered to day trippers. The Verena Gorge, which is romantic, is also worth a trip. The Solothurn Hermitage is also located here. The Weissenstein should also be seen when traveling to Solothurn. From here you have a breathtaking view of the Central Plateau. Those who like to hike are in the right place here in Solothurn.
In the historic old town Guided tours are offered. Here you can learn a lot about the buildings, the bygone times and the people who lived here back then.
Anyone interested in art and nature should pay a visit to the Art and Nature Museum in Solothurn. The exhibits show an interesting insight into the art and nature of Solothurn. The Kunsthaus in Grenchen is also very popular among art connoisseurs.
The canton is the ideal travel area for church and monastery fans. There are important sacred buildings here. For example the St. Ursus Cathedral and the Jesuit Church in Solothurn. Mariastein is a place of pilgrimage and is well visited. ThatYou should also visit the Goetheanum in Dornbach.
The Waldegg Castle is in the field well and is a real eye-catcher with its beautiful baroque garden. The castle and living museum has many impressive exhibits and gives an insight into castle life.
In general, there are many palaces and fortresses in the canton that are equipped with historically important collections.
Also of importance for the canton and the history of Switzerland is the Museum Blumenstein with the living culture from the patriciate from the 18th century. Anyone who likes to look at weapons must definitely visit the old armory. Here is the largest collection of weapons in Europe.