The Swiss canton of Schaffhausen is known as Schaffusa by its residents. It is one of the German-speaking cantons and is located in the northernmost part of the Switzerland .
The capital is called precisely just like the canton, namely Schaffhausen. The canton of Schaffhausen is largely surrounded by the Federal Republic of Germany.
There are three sub-areas in the canton of Schaffhausen. Stein am Rhein is known as the upper part of the canton, Rüdlingen and Buchberg are called the lower part of the canton.
Schaffhausen has a lot to offer visually. The landscape makes a hilly impression, this is mainly due to the Randen, which is a foothill of the Jura. There is a lot of forest in the canton of Schaffhausen, it is also one of the most forested cantons in Switzerland.
To the south of the Randen is an extremely fertile valley. It is called the Klettgau and was formed by the Clock Rhine more than 50,000 years ago. Vines and arable farming have been practiced here for a very long time.
The history of the canton of Schaffhausen
The canton of Schaffhausen was populated more than 10,000 years ago. The archaeological evaluation of historical finds in the Kesslerloch cave showed this.
The Romans let an army road run through Schaffhausen. The location of Schaffhausen above the Rhine Falls was of great economic importance for the area around 1000. This is how Schaffhausen became one of the most important transshipment points in the entire region.
The first known witch trial was held in Schaffhausen in 1402.
Schaffhausen developed gradually and finally became a member of the Swiss Confederation as a city-state around 1454/1501.
The constitution, which is still valid today, was enacted in 2002. Until then, the Reformation introduced in 1529 was in force.
Sights of the Canton of Schaffhausen
Particularly recommendable in Schaffhausen: Leave your car behind. In the beautiful historic old town no cars are allowed anyway. There are many special shops here. The town houses are adorned by magnificent and a total of 171 oriels.
The Munot Fortress can also be visited on foot. It is the symbol of the canton’s capital and sticks to a beautiful tradition. The Munot watchman still lives in the tower of the fortress and rings the Munotglöggli at nine o’clock in the evening.
A museum of cultural history is located in the Romanesque monastery of All Saints.
The largest waterfall in Europe, the Rhine Falls, is definitely an impressive experience that should not be missed. It is also the most visited landmark in Switzerland.
How about a romantic boat trip? Anyone who likes to take a boat trip should have gone from Schaffhausen to Stein am Rhein once. This route is also known as one of the most beautiful river trips in Europe!
Once in Stein am Rhein you will immediately fall in love with this small town. The idyllic location on the Rhine and the medieval flair of the many small town houses make the city look like a fairy tale. The beautiful facade paintings are particularly impressive.
The nature invites also an in Schaffhausen. Hiking, cycling or jogging, swimming, fishing or boating, everything is possible here. Due to its location, the canton is also very popular among winter sports enthusiasts.