Oregon History

Oregon History

Oregon is a US state. The state capital is Salem, while Portland is the largest city. According to ebizdir, the state is located on the Pacific coast, south of Washington, north of California and Nevada, while Idaho is to the east.

Oregon is best known for an incredible wealth of nature, with the most famous areas probably being Crater Lake National Park with Crater Lake, a volcano that exploded for approx. 7700 years ago and today houses one of the world’s deepest lakes, which is the second deepest lake in North America. It is the ninth deepest lake in the world, as well as Mount Hood which with its 3,425 m is Oregon’s highest mountain.

The area that Oregon covers today. has been inhabited for more than 15,000 years, as excavations at Fort Rock Cave show.


1543 – Spanish explorer Bartolome Ferrello travels along the coast of Oregon and Washington. When the leader of the expedition, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, died on January 3, on the island of San Bernado, Ferollo took command.

1579 – Sir Francis Drake visits Oregon.

1765 – Major Robert Rogers is the first to use the name ” Ouragon ” as he seeks financial support from the Kingdom of Great Britain in search of the Northwest Passage.

1778 – Captain James Cook explores the coast in search of the Northwest Passage.

1792 – Captain Robert Gray, on his second voyage around the Earth, names the Columbia River, for which he is probably best known; Lewis and Clark explored the Snake and Columbia Rivers and established Fort Clatsop during the winter hours of December 8, 1805 – March 23, 1806.

1806 – On November 12, Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Expedition. They mapped the route, and took home again along roughly the same road as they had come. In Seaside, not far from the expedition’s destination, is a statue of Lewis and Clark.

1811 – In March, John Jacob Astor’s Pacific Fur Company established Fort Astoria, the first American white settlement in Oregon. Fearing attack by the Blackfoot Indians, they set the expedition’s route somewhat further south than that which Lewis and Clark had followed. The route went through South Dakota and Wyoming and followed the Snake River to the meeting Columbia River, which it then continued on.

1818 – The United States and Britain sign a treaty securing joint ownership of Oregon. It was renewed again in 1827.

1843 – The first group of 900 immigrants arrives via the Oregon Trail, which was a route from Kansas City, Missouri and about 3,500 miles northwest through what are now the states of Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Idaho to Oregon.

1845 – The city of Portland was founded on the Willamette River just south of its mouth in the Columbia River, and was integrated as a city on February 8, 1851. By 1879, the population had grown from 800 to 17,500.

1847-55 – An armed conflict between the Cayuse Indians and the U.S. government and local Euro-American settlers, which began after the massacre of 13 missionaries, committed by members of the Cayuse and Umatilla tribes.

1848-59 – The Oregon Territory is established on August 14, 1848 after a government is established in the area.

1859 – Oregon becomes the 33rd state in the United States on February 14th.

1861-62 – A huge flood occurs in Albany from December 1861 to January 1862. The water level is almost 11 meters. Read more here.

1869 – Central and Union Pacific Railroads finally meet in what has been called the ” First Transcontinental Railroad, ” which was inaugurated on May 10 at the Promontory Summit, Utah Territory. This historic event, however, had a remarkable impact on the travel time from the east and west coasts of the United States, which was reduced from months to less than a week. Read more here and here.

1872-73 – An armed conflict between the Modoc tribe and the U.S. Army in southern Oregon and northern California becomes the last battle of the Native American War in both states. Read more here.

1872 – A fire broke out in Portland on the morning of December 22, and due to a lack of organized police patrols and a miserable fire station, the city was engulfed in flames 30 minutes later and the streets were filled with thousands of panicked residents running in different directions.. Luckily for the city, it started to rain, so the heat of the fire was diminished, giving the firefighters a chance to get the fire under control. They managed to put out the fire later.

1877 – An armed conflict between members of Nez Perce and their ally, Palouse, against the US Army. The fighting was fought in June-October, and took place because the Indians refused to give up their lands in the Pacific Northwest and move to a Native American reservation in Idaho. The conflict ended with the Army’s victory after a 5-day battle at Snake Creek, at the foot of the Bears Paw Mountains, which was only 40 km from Canada’s border.

1902 – The largest meteorite in North America, is a giant iron-nickel meteorite of about 15 tons, found in near West Linn in the Willamette Valley, where, however, there was no crater. It is believed that the giant stone was transported from Canada or Montana as a walking block during the last ice age (about 13,000 years ago). The meteorite is on display at the American Museum of Natural History, which received it in 1906, and has since been seen by over 40 million people. people.

1926 – FILM: Buster Keaton’s ” War and Love ” ( The General ), was filmed in Eugene, McKenzie River, Row River and the movie climax in Cottage Grove. Watch the film on Youtube here.

1933-51 – Forest fires in Tillamook destroyed over 1,400 km of land on the Northern Oregon Coast Range during this period.

1936 – Oregon has been battling forest fires for decades, and the city of Bandon was one of the most famous cases, killing 11 people on September 26, destroying the city because firefighters were helpless and forced to flee. Many of the elderly in the city were found after, where they clung to their belongings in an attempt to save them, but did not perceive the danger until it was too late. Many stories were told about how heroic efforts were made by people trying to save others and how many refused to leave their homes had to be forced to do so.

1938 – The new State Capitol in Salem, Oregon begins construction on December 4, 1936 and was inaugurated on October 1, 1938 with speeches by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Leslie M. Scott, Robert W. Sawyer, and Oregon Governor Charles Henry Martin.

1942 – Fort Stevens, built during the Civil War in 1863 as a fortification at the mouth of the Columbia River, becomes in the evening between 21-22. June the carpet bombing of the Japanese submarine I-25, which fired 17 bombs from the cannon on deck. The fort became the only one in the United States to be shelled by enemy fire. The fort was closed in 1947 and is now on the National Register of Historic Places. On September 9, a Japanese plane dropped bombs on Mount Emily in the Siskiyou National Forest and flew back across the Pacific Ocean. The attack became known as the ” Lookout Air Raid “.

1950 – UFO MYTH: The city of McMinville became known for a picture that was put on the front page of the News-Register (then known as the Telephone-Register ) on June 8, of what was apparently a UFO that was seen on May 11. The picture was published in The Oregonian the following day, and before long it also ended up in LIFE Magazine (June 26) . The photo was taken near a farm in Sheridan, by the farmer couple Mr. and Mrs. Paul Trent. The object looked like a classic “flying saucer”. Paul Trent managed to take a series of pictures before it disappeared. There is still a lot of discussion about whether the photo is real, and opinions are divided between UFO investigators who think the picture is real, and UFO skeptics / debunkers who think the picture is fake. Several professional analyzes of the image showed no manipulation, and the couple who took the image are apparently credible. Every year after this observation, a UFO festival is held, one of the largest gatherings in the Pacific Northwest, and the other in relation to Roswell, New Mexico’s. See pictures here. In April 2013, some investigators were able to reveal after analyzing the image using computer software that the geometry of the image matches a small model with a hollow bottom hanging from a line, although no one was found before an even more thorough analysis was performed.. This time, the conclusion was more certain. Read the analysis on their forum here. The debate over the image continues. Evelyn Trent died in 1997 and Paul the following year, and both maintained that the images and experience were genuine.

1968 – FILM: The music film ” Paint Your Wagon ” starring Clint Eastwood and Lee Marvin, was filmed near Baker City, from May to October.

1975 – FILM: ” Cuckoo’s Nest “ ( One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest ), which was premiered in the US on November 19, was admitted to the Oregon State Mental Hospital in Salem. It became the first film to win all five major Oscar categories since It Happened One Nigh t from 1934.

1978 – MOVIE: ” Delta-Kliken “ ( National Lampoon’s Animal House ), was filmed at 751 East 11th Avenue, Eugene and the parade scenes on Main Street in Cottage Grove.

1980 – FILM: ” The Shining ” ( The Shining ) used outdoors and air shots at Timberline Lodge on the south of Mount Hood, which was used for the fictional Overlook Hotel. The film is based on Stephen King’s book of the same title, which was inspired by his visit to The Stanley Hotel in Colorado.

1986 – FILM: Another book ( The Body ) by Stephen King was filmed. ” Stand By Me ” was partially filmed in Brownsville as the fictional town of Castle Rock, and the scene of the wreck was filmed in Veneta. Other scenes were recorded in Eugene, Franklin, and what is today used as the Row River National Recreation Trail.

1991 – Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum in McMinnville was Howard Hughes ‘ ” Spruce Goose “, which today has its headquarters, in addition to an SR-71 “Blackbird”, a Titan II SLV Missile and the Grumman F6F-3 “Hellcat”.

1993 – FILM: The film ” Fire in the Sky ” premiered in the United States on March 12. It’s inspired by a “real” incident that was supposed to take place in Snowflake, Arizona, where a team of forest clearers on their way home saw a UFO in the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, and Travis Walton was kidnapped as he got out of the car to take a closer look at the object. The film was shot from August 11 to October 1, 1992 in Sutherlin, Idleyld Park, Oakland and Roseburg.

2004 – Muslim lawyer Brandon Mayfield is taken into custody on May 6 by the FBI on suspicion of involvement in the March 11 terrorist attack in Madrid. He was detained for two weeks, and the FBI later admitted that it was a mistake, and Mayfield received a formal apology from the government after he sued the FBI. See interview from Nov. 30, 2006 with him here.

On July 11, 2004, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Portland applied for Chapter 11 reorganization, making it the first diocese to seek suspension of payments as a result of the sexual scandals in which archbishops allegedly covered up priests who abused children over a period of nine years.

2010 – Somali-American student Mohamed Osman Mohamud was arrested by the FBI on November 26 after trying to detonate what he thought was a car bomb at a Christmas tree lighting in Portland. He was charged with attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction.

Oregon History