Monaco is a principality of Southern Europe, one of the small European states. It forms an enclave in the South of France, in the summer area of the Côte d’Azur (French Riviera). It occupies an area of only 1.95 km2 and comprises three urban centers: Monte Carlo, La Condamine and Monaco.
It has a Mediterranean climate, with mild features throughout most of the year.
The principal economic activity of the principality is tourism, so the density of hotels is high. Residents are civil servants, employees of commerce and tourism or work in the mechanics and electronics industries.
It has a population of 32 543 residents (2006). The birth and death rates are, respectively, 9.19% and 12.91%. Average life expectancy is 79.69 years. Neither the HDI nor the IDG has been assigned. It is estimated that, in 2025, the population will be 34,600 residents. The residents of Monaco are mostly French, Monaco natives and Italians. The most practiced religion is Catholic and the official language is French.
Art and Culture
In the casino there is a theater designed by a French architect in the 19th century and this is also the space dedicated to the opera of Monte Carlo. In the twenties, many Russian ballets made their debut in this room.
Its settlement dates back to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians. It was part of the Roman Empire and became a Genoese possession in the 12th century. The Guimara family Grimaldi, of Genoa, in 1297 achieved the full sovereignty of the territory thanks to the protection of Louis II of Anjou. It was Spanish protectorate between 1542 and 1641. During the French Revolution, the territory was annexed by France. The Grimaldi family was imprisoned, with one member being guillotined. The Grimaldi family returned to power in 1814 and a year later the principality became Sardinian protectorate, under the Vienna Congress held in 1815; but in 1861 he returned to French protection.
In 1940 it was occupied by Italy and three years later by Germany. The territory was liberated in 1945. Prince Rainier III came to the throne in 1949 and his son Alberto was born in 1958. It is in this family that the Principality of Monaco has been maintained. Legislative power is divided between the prince and parliament (18-member national council, elected by universal suffrage). France is involved in the government of Monaco, participates in the choice of the head of government. In the event of the extinction of the Grimaldi dynasty, Monaco will become the protectorate of France.
In 1993 Monaco became part of the United Nations, since since 1955 it had observer status.
- Abbreviationfinder.org: Provides most commonly used abbreviations and initials containing the country name of Monaco. Listed by popularity.
1UpTravel.com – Maps of Monaco
Check out the country and political maps of this European country bordering the Mediterranean Sea.
Expedia.com Maps – Monaco
Graphical map presents a clear visual overview of this small country on the Medditerranean Sea. Includes zoom, print and email features.
Monaco – Atlapedia Online
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Monaco – National Geographic Map Machine
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Monaco – WorldAtlas.com
Features a selection of maps, quick facts and figures, country details, and a question section for this country smaller than many world cities.