Kyrgyzstan is a Central Asian country. It is bordered by Kazakhstan in the north, China in the east and southeast, Tajikistan in the south and Uzbekistan in the west. The main cities are Bishkek, the capital, with 841 100 residents (2004), Osh (230 100 residents), Jalal-Abad (77 700 residents), Kara-Köl (71 000 residents) And Tokmok (65 600 residents).). It has an area of 198 500 km2.
The climate is continental and arid, with harsh winters and relatively hot summers. The precipitation, which occurs mainly in the months of May and June, allows the formation of steppes and grasslands according to the total annual figures. In the mountains, which cover most of the country, aridity is associated with intense cold, resulting in cold deserts.
Agriculture remains an important sector of Kyrgyzstan’s economy, with the production of cereals, vegetables, potatoes, fruits and cotton standing out. The discovery of coal, gold, tin, lead, zinc and other metals transformed the country’s economy. The production of cement, lamps, tiles, electrical appliances, trucks, textiles, glass and machinery also represents a large share of GDP. Kyrgyzstan’s main trading partners are Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and China.
Environmental indicator: the value of carbon dioxide emissions, per capita (metric tons, 1999), is 1.0.
The population was, in 2006, 5 213 898 residents, which corresponds to a density of approximately 25.93 residents/km2. The birth and death rates are respectively 22.8% and 7.08%. Average life expectancy is 68.49 years. The value of the Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.727 and the value of the Gender-adjusted Development Index (IDG) was not assigned (2001). It is estimated that, in 2025, the population will be 6 803 000 residents. The most important ethnic groups are Kyrgyz (60%), Russians (16%) and Uzbeks (14%). Most of the residents are Sunni Muslims (70%). The official languages are Kyrgyz and Russian.
Until 1991, Kyrgyzstan was called Kyrgyzstan. In 1924, the Soviet Union granted the country autonomy. In 1936, the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic was proclaimed. It became independent in 1991, taking the name Kyrgyzstan. After the drafting of the Constitution, adopted in 1993, it became a multiparty republic, in which the prime minister governs with the Supreme Council and the Legislative Assembly.
In addition to combating terrorism, the country’s biggest concerns are the privatization of companies and the expansion of democracy. For Kyrgyzstan democracy and rights, please check homeagerly.
- Countryaah.com: Offers a full list of airports in the country of Kyrgyzstan, sorted by city location and acronyms.
- Abbreviationfinder.org: Provides most commonly used abbreviations and initials containing the country name of Kyrgyzstan. Listed by popularity.
1UpTravel.com – Maps of Kyrgyzstan
Browse a collection of shaded relief and political, country, regional, and thematic maps of Kyrgyzstan, a central Asian country, west of China.
Kyrgyzstan – Maps of Russia and the FSU Republics
Collection includes a clickable map of the country’s administrative boundaries and maps of Ala Archa basin and the Tien Shan mountains.
Kyrgyzstan – Merriam-Webster Atlas
Detailed color map of this Asian country also includes country facts, illustration of the nation’s flag, and a historical summary.
Kyrgyzstan – National Geographic
View a satellite-created map of this Asian country. With zooming, and featuring find cities, land features, and bordering countries.
Kyrgyzstan – Tajikistan Update
View multiple Kyrgyzstan maps. Includes political, relief and provincial maps, as well as a map detailing the country’s defense industries.
Kyrgyzstan – University of Texas Library
Browse political, shaded relief, regional and thematic Kyrgyzstan maps, all produced by the Central Intelligence Agency.