Gambia Mountains, Rivers and Lakes

Gambia Mountains

According to, Gambia is an African country located on the Atlantic Coast in West Africa. It is surrounded by Senegal on three sides and has a short coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. The Gambia River runs through the center of the country, forming a natural border between Gambia and Senegal. The terrain of Gambia is mostly flat with no hills or mountains, except for some low-lying areas along the coast. The climate of Gambia is tropical with generally hot and humid weather throughout the year. Rainfall occurs mainly during the rainy season which runs from June to October.

The population of Gambia is estimated to be around 2 million people, with most living in rural areas near the river or along the coast. The official language spoken in Gambia is English but other languages such as Mandinka and Wolof are also widely spoken by locals. The majority of citizens are Muslim, followed by Christian denominations and traditional African beliefs.

Gambia has a rich cultural heritage that can be seen through its music, literature, art, theater, and dance traditions. Music plays an important role in everyday life for many people in Gambia, as traditional songs are often sung at ceremonies and special occasions such as weddings or funerals. Traditional dances are also popular at these events – often accompanied by drums – which display complex rhythms and movements that have been passed down over generations.

Gambian cuisine consists mainly of rice dishes with various accompaniments such as fish or vegetables. Popular dishes include domoda (a peanut-based stew), yassa (a grilled chicken dish), jollof rice (rice cooked in tomato sauce) and thieboudienne (a fish-based dish). Fruits such as mangoes, bananas, oranges and pineapples are widely available during certain times of year while spices like ginger, garlic and turmeric provide flavor to many dishes.


The Gambia is a small West African country that has a diverse range of mountains and hills. The most prominent mountain in the Gambia is the Kiang West National Park, which is located in the western part of the country. This mountain rises to a height of 884 meters above sea level and it offers beautiful views of the surrounding areas. The Kiang West National Park is home to a variety of wildlife, including antelopes, monkeys, and other animals. Another notable mountain in the Gambia is Bintang Bolong, which stands at 639 meters above sea level and provides stunning views of Banjul city. Other mountains in the Gambia include Bintang Bolong (650 m), Mount Assanbo (599 m) and Mount Dindefelo (567 m). All these mountains provide excellent trekking opportunities for visitors who want to explore their natural beauty. The climate in these mountains can be quite extreme, with temperatures ranging from hot during the day to cold at night.


The Gambia River is the major and most important river in Gambia, stretching for about 802 km from its source in Guinea-Bissau to its mouth on the Atlantic Ocean. Its drainage basin covers an area of around 105,000 square kilometers. The Gambia River is a major source of water and energy for the country, providing irrigation and hydroelectric power. It also serves as a major transportation route for people and goods throughout the region. The main tributaries of the Gambia River are the Kiang, Kassa, and Saloum Rivers.

The Kiang River is a small but important river that flows through Gambia’s Central River Division from its source in Guinea-Bissau to join with the Gambia River near Soma. This river forms part of a larger system that connects to other major rivers such as the Saloum in Senegal and The Gambia’s other main tributary, the Kassa. It is an important source of water for irrigation and drinking water for much of central Gambia as well as providing habitat for many species of fish.

The Kassa River is another significant tributary of The Gambia that enters it at Barra Point near Banjul. This river is fed by several smaller rivers including the Mandinari, Niani, Limba, and Gassim Rivers which all originate in neighboring Senegal before they flow into The Gambia’s Central River Division region where they eventually join with the Kassa to form part of The Gambia’s main river system before entering into The Atlantic Ocean at Barra Point. This river provides vital water resources to communities along its course as well as providing habitat for various species of fish such as tilapias, catfish and eels amongst others


Gambia is home to many stunning and beautiful lakes, each with its own unique characteristics. The largest lake in Gambia is the River Gambia, which is a major river that runs through the entire country. This river has been a source of life for many people living in Gambia for centuries, providing water for drinking, cooking, bathing, and fishing. Along the banks of the River Gambia are numerous smaller lakes that are also important sources of fresh water for the people of Gambia. One such lake is Lake Niumi, located in the north-western part of Gambia. This lake is known for its abundance of bird life and fish species and is home to many crocodiles as well. Another popular lake in Gambia is Lake Kiang East which lies near the border with Senegal. It has a diverse range of fish species including tilapia and catfish as well as an array of aquatic plants and animals making it an ideal spot for fishing enthusiasts. Lastly, one cannot forget about Lake Marigo which lies close to Banjul city in central Gambia. This lake is popular among locals due to its crystal clear waters and its stunning views across the city skyline making it a great spot for picnics or leisurely walks.

Gambia Mountains