Dominican Republic Military, Economy and Transportation

Dominican Republic Military, Economy and Transportation

Economy

Economic overview: The Dominican economy has been growing strongly over the past decade, not even hindered by Hurricane George in 1998. Although the country has long been considered mainly as an exporter of sugar, coffee and tobacco, recently the service sector has surpassed the agricultural sector in the number of employed thanks to the growth of tourism and creation of free trade zones. The country suffers from significant income inequality, with the poorest half of the population receiving less than one-fifth of GNP, while the top 10% receive 40% of national income. In December 2000, the new MEHYA administration passed new tax legislation that it hopes will provide enough money to offset rising oil prices and service foreign debt. See businesscarriers.com to know more about Dominican Republic Economics and Business.
GDP: at purchasing power parity – $48.3 billion (2000 est.).
Real GDP growth rate: 8% (2000 est.).
GDP per capita: at purchasing power parity – $5,700 (2000 est.).
The composition of GDP by sectors of the economy: agriculture: 11.3%; industry: 32.2%; services: 56.5% (1999 est.).
Proportion of population below the poverty line: 25% (1999 est.).
Percentage distribution of family income or consumption: 10% of the poorest families account for: 1.6%; 10% of the wealthiest families account for: 39.6% (1989).
Inflation rate at consumer prices: 7.9% (2000).
Labor force: 2.3-2.6 million people
Employment structure: services and civil service 58.7%, industry 24.3%, agriculture 17% (1998 est.).
Unemployment rate: 13.8% (1999 est.).
Budget: revenues: $2.3 billion; expenditures: $2.9 billion, including capital expenditures of $867 million (1999 est.).
Spheres of economy: tourism, sugar industry, mining of ferronickel ore and gold, production of textiles, cement, tobacco.
Growth in industrial production: 8% (2000 est.).
Electricity generation: 7.29 billion kWh (1999)
Sources of electricity generation: fossil fuels: 87.19%; hydropower: 12.4%; nuclear fuel: 0%; others: 0.41% (1999).
Electricity consumption: 6.78 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity export: 0 kWh (1999).
Electricity import: 0 kWh (1999).
Agricultural products: sugar cane, coffee, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, rice, legumes, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef, eggs.
Export: $5.8 billion (free on board, 2000)
Exports: ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meat.
Export partners: USA 66.1%, Netherlands 7.8%, Canada 7.6%, Russia 7.4% UK 4.5% (1999 est.).
Imports: $9.6 billion (free on board, 2000)
Imports: foodstuffs, oil, cotton and textiles, chemicals and medicines.
Import partners: USA 25.7%, Venezuela 9.2%, Mexico 4%, Japan 3%, Panama 2.6% (1999 est.).
External debt: $4.7 billion (2000 est.) Economic aid recipient: $239.6 million (1995)
Economic aid donor:
Currency: Dominican peso.
Currency code: DOP.
Exchange rate: DOP/USD – 16.888 (January 2001), 16.415 (2000), 16.033 (1999), 15.267 (1998), 14.265 (1997), 13.775 (1996).
Fiscal year: calendar year.

Telecommunications

Telecommunications Telephone lines: 709,000 (1999).
Mobile cellular telephones: 130 149 (1999).
Telephone system: internal: a relatively efficient system based on an island-wide microwave radio relay network; international: 1 coaxial submarine cable; ground satellite station – 1 Intel-sat (Atlantic Ocean).
Broadcasting stations: AM – 120, FM – 56, shortwave -4 (1998).
Radio receivers: 1.44 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 25 (1997).
TVs: 770,000 (1997).
Internet Country Code: do
Internet Service Providers: 24 (2000).
Number of users: 25,000 (1999).

Transport

Transport Railways: total: 757 km; with standard gauge: 375 km (gauge 1.435 m) (Central Romanskaya Railway); narrow gauge: 142 km (0.762 m gauge) (‘State Railways of the Dominican Republic’); note: 240 km with various gauges (0.558 m, 0.762 m, 1.067 m) are used by sugar producers (2000).
Motorways: total: 12,600 km; coated: 6,224 km; unpaved: 6,376 km (1996 est.).
Pipelines: for crude oil – 96 km; for oil products – 8 km.
Ports and harbors: Barahona, Romana, Ruerto Plata, San Pedro de Macoris, Santo Domingo.
Merchant navy: in total: 1 vessel (displacement of 1,000 tons or more) with a total displacement of 1,587 gross register tons / 1,165 long tons of gross tonnage; ships of different types: cargo ships -1 (2000 est.).
Airports: 29 (2000 est.).
Airports with paved runways: total: 13; over 3,047 m: 3; from 2438 to 3047 m: 2; from 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4; from 914 to 1523 m:3; less than 914 m: 1 (2000 est.).
Airports with unpaved runways: total: 16; from 1,524 to 2,437 m: 2; from 914 to 1523 m:4; less than 914 m: 10 (2000 est.).

Armed forces

Branches of the Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police.
Enlistment age: 18 years old.
Total Military Manpower: Male 15 to 49: 2,281,035 (2001 est.).
Eligible for military service: men aged 15 to 49: 1,430,776 (2001 est.).
Number of persons reaching military age each year: male: 87,404 (2001 est.).
Military spending in dollar terms: $180 million (1998)
Military spending as part of GDP: 1.1% (1998).

International Issues

International issues International disputes: no.
Illicit drugs: transit point for drugs from South America to the US and Europe; the country has also become a transit point for ecstasy from the Netherlands and Belgium to the US and Canada.

Dominican Republic Military