According to areacodesexplorer, Djibouti is a small African nation located in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Eritrea to the north, Ethiopia to the west and south, and Somalia to the southeast. It is a small country with an area of just 23,200 sq km and a population of about 942,333. Djibouti has a hot desert climate with temperatures ranging from 25°C to 45°C throughout the year. The capital city of Djibouti is Djibouti City and its official language is French.
The economy of Djibouti is mainly based on services such as port activities and financial services. The country’s strategic location near major shipping routes has attracted foreign investors who are interested in taking advantage of the port facilities in Djibouti City. The country also exports livestock products such as goats, sheep, camels, and cattle which make up around 25 percent of its total exports. In addition to livestock products, other major exports include fish products, hides and skins, coffee beans, myrrh resin, frankincense oil and dates.
Djibouti has four main ethnic groups: Afar (50%), Issa (25%), Somali (10%) and Europeans (7%). Islam is the main religion practiced in Djibouti with around 94% of the population following it. Christianity makes up around 4% while other religions make up 2%.
The government follows a semi-presidential system with both legislative and executive powers vested in the president who serves as head of state for six years at a time. The unicameral legislature consists of 65 members elected for five-year terms by universal suffrage.
Djibouti has made significant strides towards improving its infrastructure over recent years with large investments being made into transportation networks including roads and railway lines which connect it to Ethiopia as well as ports which enable international trade activities. Additionally, electricity production capacity has increased significantly over recent years due to investments in renewable sources such as solar energy while telecommunications have also been improved considerably allowing for more efficient communication within the nation itself as well as internationally.
Agriculture in Djibouti
Agriculture is an important sector in Djibouti, contributing around 10% of the country’s GDP and providing employment for around 15% of the population. The main agricultural activities include crop cultivation, livestock rearing, and fishing.
Crop cultivation is mainly practiced in the northern parts of the country and focuses on grains such as sorghum, maize, and millet which are grown on small plots of land. Additionally, vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, onions, cucumbers, and eggplants are grown in small quantities. Fruits such as dates and bananas are also grown but mainly for local consumption.
Livestock rearing is a major activity in Djibouti and includes goats, sheep, camels, cows, donkeys and horses. Livestock products make up around 25% of the country’s total exports with hides and skins accounting for most of this percentage followed by meat products such as beef and mutton.
Fishing is also an important activity with over 500 species being found in Djibouti’s waters including tuna fish which makes up a large portion of the country’s exports. In addition to fishing for commercial purposes there is also subsistence fishing which helps to increase food security within rural areas where access to other sources of food may be limited.
In order to boost agricultural productivity various initiatives have been introduced by the government including the provision of subsidies to farmers so that they can purchase fertilizers or other inputs needed for successful farming activities as well as loans so that they can invest in larger scale projects. Additionally, there has been investment into research related to agriculture which has resulted in improved yields due to better crop varieties being introduced into circulation.
Overall, agriculture plays an important role within Djibouti’s economy both through its contribution to GDP but also through its ability to provide employment opportunities for those living within rural areas where other sources may be limited thus helping reduce poverty levels within these areas.
Fishing in Djibouti
Fishing is an important activity in Djibouti, with over 500 species of fish found in the country’s waters. It is a major source of food and income for the people of Djibouti, providing employment and subsistence for many living in rural areas. Fishing also contributes to the national economy through exports of seafood products such as tuna.
There are two main types of fishing practiced in Djibouti: commercial fishing and subsistence fishing. Commercial fishing involves large-scale operations using boats and equipment to catch large amounts of fish for sale on the international market. Subsistence fishing, on the other hand, is practiced by small-scale fishers who use traditional methods such as rods, lines, and nets to catch enough fish for their own consumption or local sale.
The most commonly caught fish species in Djibouti include tuna, mackerel, grouper, snapper, barracuda, sardines, mullets and various shrimp species. Tuna makes up a significant portion of the country’s seafood exports due to its high value on international markets.
In addition to commercial and subsistence fishing there is also recreational fishing which has become increasingly popular over recent years as tourists have started visiting Djibouti with the aim of catching a variety of fish species including sailfish and marlin which can be found off the coast.
The government has implemented various measures to ensure sustainable fisheries management such as establishing marine protected areas which restrict certain types of fishing activities while allowing others that are more sustainable or less damaging to ecosystems. Additionally, there have been regulations put in place regarding minimum sizes that must be adhered to when catching certain species such as tuna so that immature fish can reach maturity before being caught again thus helping maintain stock levels.
Overall, fishing plays an important role within Djibouti’s economy by providing employment opportunities for those living within rural areas as well as contributing significantly to GDP through export earnings from seafood products such as tuna making it an essential part of life within this small East African nation.
Forestry in Djibouti
Djibouti is a small East African nation located in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. The country has a total land area of 8,958 square miles and is home to over 800 species of plants and animals. Despite its small size, Djibouti has a diverse range of ecosystems including woodlands, grasslands, wetlands, mangroves and coastal areas.
The majority of Djibouti’s forests are located in the north-eastern part of the country where they cover an estimated 2% of total land area. These forests are mainly composed of Juniperus procera (East African Juniper) and Acacia tortilis (Umbrella Thorn) trees with some areas also containing other species such as Commiphora africana (African myrrh) and Balanites aegyptiaca (desert date).
The forests provide important habitat for numerous species including mammals such as the endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), Beira antelope (Dorcatragus megalotis), Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and various rodents; birds such as the Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni); reptiles like the Nile monitor lizard (Varanus niloticus); amphibians like the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis); invertebrates like butterflies; and plants like cacti. Additionally, these forests are important for local people who use them for fuelwood collection as well as grazing their livestock.
In recent years however Djibouti’s forests have faced numerous threats which have led to their degradation or destruction. These threats include illegal logging for fuelwood collection; agricultural expansion; overgrazing by livestock; bushfires caused by human activities or natural phenomena such as lightning strikes; climate change; water scarcity due to poor management practices; and competition from introduced species such as Prosopis juliflora which can outcompete native vegetation leading to desertification in some areas.
To help protect Djibouti’s remaining forest ecosystems various measures have been implemented in recent years including increasing awareness among local communities about sustainable forest management practices through education programs; establishing protected areas to restrict human activities in certain regions while allowing those that are more sustainable or less damaging to ecosystems within them; developing national policies aimed at reducing deforestation rates and increasing reforestation efforts such as tree planting initiatives through public-private partnerships; encouraging private investment in sustainable forestry projects such as eco-tourism initiatives which can help generate income for local communities while also protecting biodiversity hotspots within them.
Overall, it is clear that Djibouti’s forests play an important role both environmentally and economically within this small East African nation providing habitat for numerous species while also providing resources that local people rely on for their livelihoods making it essential that measures continue to be taken to ensure their protection so they can be enjoyed by future generations.