The population of China is 1 313 973 713 residents (est. 2006), which corresponds to a population density of 136.12 residents/km2 . The birth and death rates are respectively 13.25% of and 6.97%. Average life expectancy is 72.58 years. The value of the Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.721 and the value of the Gender-adjusted Development Index (IDG) is 0.718 (2001). It is estimated that in 2025 the population will be 1 464 029 000 residents. The majority ethnic group is Chinese, with 92% of the total population. About 71% of the population does not profess any religion; 20% follow popular beliefs; Buddhists are 6% and Christians are 3%. The official language is Mandarin.
Between 1911 and 1912 there was a failed attempt by the leader of the Nationalist Party (Kuomintang), Sun Yat-Sen, to make China a republican regime. This action left the country without central government. Over the next thirty-seven years, communists, nationalists and great military leaders became involved in a bloody power struggle, which killed between 11 and 12 million people. In 1937, Japan invaded the country, managed to mitigate internal conflicts, but paralyzed several cities and caused many deaths. The defeat of the Japanese came with the end of the Second World War.
In 1949, Mao Zedong, leader of the Communist Party, proclaimed the People’s Republic of China. He immediately undertook large-scale land reform, instituted ambitious education and health programs and nationalized industries. For China democracy and rights, please check homeagerly.
The domain of communism was not confined to the country alone. China took Tibet in 1950 and, shortly thereafter, intervened militarily in the Korean War. Later, he became involved in border conflicts with India. The Maoist policy of economic development gave rise to periods of revolutionary upheaval. In 1966, Mao launched the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, with the aim of transforming China into a truly classless society. In 1970, he created a rigorous family planning program that still exists today. This is the policy that prohibits couples from having more than one child, penalizing families that have more than two. This revolution lasted until Mao’s death in 1976.
After several reforms, China’s economic growth has become the third largest in the world (after the USA and Japan). The country remains a communist popular republic, in which the prime minister governs with a national assembly. However, signs of openness to change have been shown. Among them, it is worth highlighting the formula “one country, two systems”, which Deng Xiaoping started to apply and which, since 1997, with the return of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty, sees its possibilities of operation once again tested . On December 20, 1999, under the same formula, the Portuguese administrative territory of Macau passed to the Chinese administration.
- Countryaah.com: Offers a full list of airports in the country of China, sorted by city location and acronyms.
- Abbreviationfinder.org: Provides most commonly used abbreviations and initials containing the country name of China. Listed by popularity.
1UpTravel.com – Historical Maps of China
Browse a collection of historical maps. Check out the maps of Peking, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Qufu, Tibet, Yangtze River and ports in China, Japan and the Philippines.
1UpTravel.com – Maps of China
Browse a collection of city, country, regional, thematic, and historical maps of the Asian country. Check out the maps of Hainan Island, Beijing, Chengdu and Shanghai.
Asia Source- Map of China
Browse educational maps outlining geography,economy, communication mediums, environmental factors and population details in modern China with its various states.
China – China Dimensions
Browse educational maps outlining natural-resource allocation, environmental factors and population details in modern China.
China – China the Beautiful Maps
Features regional, country and historical maps of China. Includes Silk Road maps and satellite images.
China – Clickable Maps
Clickable map provides regional breakdowns by city. Links also provide details on transportation and accommodations.
China – Dim Sum Maps
Provides an array of colorful regional, country and topographical maps of China, including Taiwan, that mark cities and natural resources.
China – Jordan’s Simple Maps of China
Provides simple outline maps of China and Taiwan, and includes the names of Chinese provinces and of Taiwan counties.
China – Travel.com Map
Features a colorful outline map of China with the borders and names of provinces clearly shown.
China – University of Texas Library
Explore China with country, regional, city, historical and thematic maps. View 1933 Shanghai and a breakdown of the country’s linguistic groups.
China – Yunnan Province Maps
Take a look at a map of the Yunnan province, as well as one detailing its major city, Kunming.
Graphicmaps.com – Map of China
Browse a colorful map of this Asian country with its several cities. Also highlighting its capital, Beijing.
Lonelyplanet.com- Map of China
Discover a multicolor map of China highlighting its major cities and capital. This Asian country is covered by India,Hong Kong, and Japan.