Argentina is a country located in the southern western
hemisphere, specifically in South America. Its territory
is limited to the north with Bolivia and Paraguay; to
the northeast, with Brazil; to the east, with Uruguay,
the Atlantic Ocean and the Malvinas Islands; and west
The Argentine territory covers an area of
2,766,889 kmē, where approximately 40.2 million
inhabitants live. Argentina has the second largest
territory in South America, surpassed in this regard
only by Brazil, which covers an area of 8,514,876,599
The Argentine population presents one of the best social
indicators in Latin America, a fact that results in a
good quality of life for its inhabitants. The Argentine
state is divided into 23 provinces and a federal
district. In Argentina, the predominant climate is
temperate, although there are also areas with a
subtropical climate, such as in the north, and
sub-Antarctic arid in the extreme south of the country.
The country ranks No.2 for economy performance in South
America, considered as an emerging nation. The country's
main export products are, respectively: beef and meat
products, wool and wine. In wine production, the country
ranks fifth in the world. The Argentine population is
constituted ethnically from Europeans, mainly Spaniards
and Italians, mixed with indigenous and mestizo people.
General information of Argentina
- Name: Argentine Republic.
- Gentilian: Argentine.
- Capital: Buenos Aires.
- Demographic density: 14.5 inhab./ kmē.
- GDP (Gross Domestic Product): US $ 262,327
- Per capita income: US $ 6,636.
- HDI (Human Development Index): 0.775 (high).
- Life expectancy: 75 years.
- Infant mortality: 13.4 / thousand births
- Literacy: 97.2%.
- Currency: Argentine peso.
- Official website: www.argentina.gov.ar
- Official language: Spanish.