2 protects the head and extremities
Winter attire is considered incomplete without the articles for the head and extremities. It is important to protect your head against the cold, wind and moisture with a good Cap (“wolly hat” in English, and “tuque” or “bonnet de laine” in French), which cover up to the ears.
This usually takes under the waterproof hood that usually have winter coats. Add earflaps (“earmuffs” in English and “cache-oreilles” in French), according to the taste and level of heat desired. A scarf (“scarf” in English and “foulard” in French), which prevents the cold brew for the space that leave the shelters at the level of the neck is essential.
In upper and lower extremities also layers, technique can be taken if necessary. It is suggested that the hands are never exposed. To do this, choose very thin gloves (“gloves” in English and “gants” in French) , which are covered with other thicker (type mittens, for example). The latter are removed when you use the cell phone or for any other activity. However, elaborate gloves with special fibres there are couple touch contact with the screens of cell phones. Thus, gloves are left positions to manipulate an electronic device. Referred to as “winter gloves with touch screen fingers”, in English, and in French “gants d’hiver pour l’ écran tactile”.
Feet need two pairs of socks (“socks” in English and “chaussette” or “bas” in French): the first, thin and adjusted to the foot to absorb the cold; and the second, preferably of merino wool or another fiber, natural or synthetic, to perform a function of thermal insulation.
Attention to the extremities is a priority, because the sensation of cold starts many times by bad warm feet and hands.
3 select a good winter shoes
Buy good shoes in winter is the guarantee of protection and comfort for walking on snow.Commonly used boots, whose models and clothing materials vary according to the task to. In all cases, winter boots must be waterproof, otherwise they be in breach of their insulating function.
The footwear of city, to work or to make short walks of pleasure, looks elegant. Especially, the women’s shoes, which usually take the form of sober and sophisticated, boots that extend at least to the ankle and are made with waterproof materials (mainly leather). Their isolation increases with the inclusion of templates of felt or other thermal material.
In terms of male footwear, it is observed that some employees, who are required formality in dress, continue using summer shoes while they are in the interior of an enclosure. Upon leaving, they overlap a footwear protector or a kind of boot. This article is called “overshoes”, in English; and “tap” or “couvre-chaussure”, in French.
Sports footwear for practice and training outdoors is designed with wide boots, thick soles and, usually, rubber or other insulating materials. You are looking for maximum comfort and preserve the warmth of the foot. Usually, one larger than normal size is recommended to protect the foot up to two layers of socks, if necessary.
Crampons (“grip shoes” in English, and “crampons” in French) are an essential resource for the days in which pavement is covered in a layer of ice which is pretty slick. Select footwear models include movable crampons, which are used or hide as you see fit.
4 search for the correct materials
Own winter clothing are used for natural or synthetic fibres specially conceived to preserve body heat and insulate the cold and wet. For this reason, forget cotton and denim (denim or jean) fabric, because wet easily and cool the skin.
Between natural fibres are distinguished (from goat, sheep, alpaca and vicuña) wool and merino fiber, used preferably as the first layer.
In the Group of synthetic fibers are hundreds of types, produced with high technology to provide insulation and thermal sensation at the same time that provide comfort and freedom of movement. Among the best known are mentioned as follows:Polar Fleece, insulating synthetic fabric made from the tereftalato of polyethylene (PET) and other artificial materials; PrimaLoft, mark patented Microfiber thermal highly resistant to water, light, soft, developed by the United States Navy; Gore-Tex, trademark thermal synthetic textile, membrane type, characterized by its lightness; eVent, trademark designating a class of synthetic membrane of high technology, designed to ensure waterproofness and moisture insulation; Marmot, trademark of a synthetic fabric breathable and water resistant, polyurethane (PU) based; Conduit, flexible, lightweight, waterproof and breathable, elaborate synthetic membrane with hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules that extract the moisture and steam away from the body; and DriLite Plus, synthetic fiber made from nylon and designed to withstand the most extreme temperatures, which provides total impermeability, lightness and moisture insulation.
These fibers become outerwear, jackets, jackets, sweaters, pants, scarves, hats, gloves, socks and shoes. Many people are inclined to articles with synthetic fabrics, on the grounds that they insulate better moisture and give greater freedom of movement, because of its lightness and weight.
The most recognized brands of winter garments used synthetic fibers of high technology products specializing in sports and outdoor activities. Most of its production is used in the city, which provide maximum protection and comfort. Some of the brands specialized in the making of winter items areThe North Face, Columbia, Arc’terix, Lole, Patagonia, Mountain Equipment, Canada Goose,Kanuk, Uniqlo and others.
Emphasizes that a required property in any winter clothing, especially if it fulfills the function of third layer, lies in the impermeability. For that reason, if one lacks resistance to water, will not do it so suitable to the purchaser.
5 check labels
Learn to read labels carefully is essential for smart functional and truly useful and durable goods purchases.
The type of fibre used in its preparation, apart from thermal defense which provides, indicated in degrees Celsius (symbol ° C) or Fahrenheit (° F symbol) is identified on the labels of quality winter clothing.
In addition, you can read if it is waterproof or water resistant, similar, but not identical. When it is resistant to water (“water proof”) means that the tissue has been outside treatment that facilitates the sliding of the water by the surface. They are often light, breathable fabrics, and their ability to resist water is lost with the use.
Waterproof, on the other hand, contains membranes of high technology (already described), composed of fibers of micro-pores small enough to prevent the entry of water drops and, at the same time, allow body moisture to escape.
In short, waterproof items tend to be more expensive, but its duration is greater.
6 dress according to the occasion
It is not a fashion advice. Rather, are encouraged to choose carefully the clothes according to the fun or exercise must be carried out and in accordance with the outside temperature.
If some winter – sport is skiing, Alpine skiing, snowshoes, hockey or ice skating – should wear attire suitable for this purpose. Also, calculate the number of hours of exposure to the cold, since there is a noticeable difference between a short walk to take public transport to go to work, for example, and a busy day of sports.
Stores specializing in the sale of clothing and footwear winter host sections for each sport and also for the life in the city. It is advisable to follow the suggestions of the sellers, in the event of doubts. Some kits, like thermal clothing for the first coat, hats, gloves and scarves, are used in almost all occasions. However, other items, the outer layer, vary in shape, size and weight, in correspondence with the planned exercise.
7 it carries extra clothing
At times, arises the urgency to change certain parts of the dress to preserve body heat. For example, when a day of sports, the first layer clothing must be replaced by a clean and dry cloth which you can find on carswers.com.
We recommend also carry additional stockings as well as hats, scarves and gloves extra pairs, in case you need a safeguard against wind or humidity.
8 used lenses and sunscreen
During the winter we are comforted with the Sun, appreciated natural source of light and heat.However, exposure to the Sun’s rays should be responsibly, to prevent the deterioration of the skin and eye.
They must not forget sunglasses with appropriate crystals (UV protection) to prevent eye injuries.
Also, creams that counteract UV, UVA and UVB RAYS are essential for getting rid of sun damage to the skin.
The previous recommendations are of great importance when walking in the snow, because the reflection of the Sun’s rays increases the risk of exposure.
9 care winter clothes
Purchase winter attire, in many cases, equals an expensive investment for the immigrant. For that reason, the obligation to wash and save the articles at the end of the season, is essential so that they remain in good condition for several years.
Most of the costumes brings washing instructions on the label, that is worth keep to be sure to always follow the outlined procedures.
Parts of merino wool and other natural fibers do not put in the dryer because they shrink. Scarves, hats, items to protect the face and some types of gloves should be washed regularly, since they absorb a lot of moisture of the skin.
Once the winter season has passed, it is suggested to keep coats and other clothing of winter in bags and plastic boxes, to isolate them from moisture.
Footwear requires a good washing to remove all traces of salt (which is thrown to the street in beads with the intention of controlling the sliding effect of the snow on the road), which would be highly damaging for boots and shoes. When these are clean, maintain its shape, stored in boxes.
10 visit used items shops
As mentioned before, some newly arrived, buy winter items can become an excessive investment.So, if you have a limited budget, the solution involves purchase good items second hand and in excellent condition, in tents intended for this purpose. In particular, the coats and garments of the outer layer, which are usually the most expensive.
In North America, these companies are quite popular and offer merchandise in excellent condition.Referred to as “second-hand store”, in English, or “used clothes”, in French.
This practice is also advised to dress and put on children, who tend to change size every year. In fact, the specialised stores sold all kinds of children, including those for sports.
To learn more about the hard winter in North America, is recommended the reading of climate in Canada and United States climate.
Other guidelines for the cold season appear in the Guide for immigrants: survive the winter and learn to enjoy it.